Social network operator Meta Platforms (NASDAQ: FB) fell short of analyst expectations in Q1 FY2022 quarter, with revenue up 6.63% year on year to $27.9 billion. Guidance for the next quarter also missed analyst expectations with revenues guided to $29 billion at the midpoint, or 5.5% below analyst estimates. Meta made a GAAP profit of $7.46 billion, down on its profit of $9.49 billion, in the same quarter last year.
Meta (FB) Q1 FY2022 Highlights:
- Revenue: $27.9 billion vs analyst estimates of $28.2 billion (1.1% miss)
- EPS (GAAP): $2.72 vs analyst estimates of $2.55 (6.6% beat)
- Revenue guidance for Q2 2022 is $29 billion at the midpoint, below analyst estimates of $30.6 billion
- Free cash flow of $8.52 billion, down 32.1% from previous quarter
- Gross Margin (GAAP): 78.4%, down from 80.3% same quarter last year
- Family Monthly Active People: 3.64 billion, up 190 million year on year
Famously founded by Mark Zuckerberg in his Harvard dorm, Meta Platforms (NASDAQ: FB) operates a collection of the largest social networks in the world - Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, and Messenger, along with its metaverse focused Facebook Reality Labs.
The need for connection is foundational to human experience, and remains the driver of Facebook’s mission - to connect the world. Through its platforms, users can connect, share, discover, and communicate with family and friends on just about any connected device. Its massive global aggregated audience of over 3 billion users spends over two hours per day on properties.
Facebook’s innovative digital ad tools, massive scale, and demographic data have also transformed how businesses operate, allowing a much more granular targeted approach to interacting with customers. Its high return on investment (ROI) advertising tools have allowed millions of new small businesses to spring up by aggregating potential customers online which were previously dispersed to identify and profitably sell to. Facebook’s product offerings to businesses have continued to evolve to include commerce and payment functionality, while continuing to create new ad formats and ways to interact.
The company changed its name to Meta Platforms in October 2021 to signal its increased emphasis on building a new computing platform that will evolve how Facebook connects people (and advertisers) from a place to share experiences to a place of shared experiences. They introduced a new product segment, Facebook Reality Labs, whose focus is to create immersive technologies (AR/VR) meant to provide new ways to socialize, work, shop, and game.
Businesses must meet their customers where they are, which over the past decade has come to mean on social networks. In 2020, users spent over 2.5 hours a day on social networks, a figure that has increased every year since measurement began. As a result, businesses continue to shift their advertising and marketing dollars online.
Meta Platforms competes with fellow social media advertising platforms like Google (NASDAQ: GOOGL), Snapchat (NYSE: SNAP), Twitter (NYSE: TWTR), and Pinterest (NASDAQ: PINS)
Meta's revenue growth over the last three years has been strong, averaging 27.4% annually.
This quarter, Meta reported a slower, 6.63% year on year revenue growth, and this result fell short of what analysts were expecting.
Meta is guiding for revenue to decline next quarter 0.26% year on year to $29 billion, a further deceleration on the 55.6% year-over-year decrease in revenue the company had recorded in the same quarter last year. Ahead of the earnings results the analysts covering the company were estimating sales to grow 13.5% over the next twelve months.
As a social network, Meta can generate revenue growth by increasing user numbers, and by charging more for the ads each user is exposed to.
Over the last two years the number of Meta's monthly active users, a key usage metric for the company, grew 12.2% annually to 3.64 billion users. This is decent growth for a consumer internet company.
In Q1 the company added 190 million monthly active users, translating to a 5.5% growth year on year.
Revenue Per User
Average revenue per user (ARPU) is a critical metric to track for every consumer internet product and for Meta it measures how much it makes off ads served to each user, proxy for how valuable advertisers find its audience and its ad-targeting capabilities.
Meta’s ARPU growth has been decent over the last two years, averaging 14.6%. The ability to increase price while still growing its user base shows the value of Meta’s platform. This quarter, ARPU grew 1.07% year on year, reaching $7.66 for each of the monthly active users.
User Acquisition Efficiency
Consumer internet businesses like Meta grow by a combination of product virality, paid advertisement and occasional incentives, unlike enterprise products that are typically sold by sales teams.
Meta is very efficient at acquiring new users, spending only 15% of its gross profit on marketing over the last year. This level of sales and marketing spend efficiency is indicative of a combination of scale and a highly differentiated product offering, which gives Meta the freedom to invest its resources into new growth initiatives while still maintaining optionality.
Earnings & Free Cash Flow
Investors typically look at a company’s operating income to get a sense of how profitable a core business is. Adjusted EBITDA is the most common profitability metric for consumer internet companies, similar to operating profit, but removes various one time or non-cash expenses to give a more normalized measure of profitability.
Meta reported EBITDA of $13.1 billion this quarter, which was a 47.2% margin. Over the last twelve months the company has been amongst the handful of the most profitable consumer internet business with EBITDA margins of 48.4%.
If you follow StockStory for a while, you know that we put an emphasis on cash flow. Why, you ask? We believe that in the end cash is king, as you can't use accounting profits to pay the bills. Meta's free cash flow came in at $8.52 billion in Q1, up 9.06% year on year.
Meta has generated $39.1 billion in free cash flow over the last twelve months, an impressive 32.7% of revenues. This robust FCF margin is a result of Meta asset lite business model, scale advantages, and strong competitive positioning, and provides it the option to return capital to shareholders while still having plenty of cash to invest in the business.
Key Takeaways from Meta's Q1 Results
Sporting a market capitalization of $491 billion, more than $43.8 billion in cash and with positive free cash flow over the last twelve months, we're confident that Meta has the resources it needs to pursue a high growth business strategy.
Meta delivered a solid beat on the bottom line. On the other hand, it was unfortunate to see that the revenue guidance for the next quarter missed analysts' expectations and it missed analysts' revenue expectations. Overall, this quarter's results could have been better. The company is up 12.1% on the results and currently trades at $196.07 per share.
Is Now The Time?
When considering Meta, investors should take into account its valuation and business qualities, as well as what happened in the latest quarter. There are a number of reasons why we think Meta is a great business. While we would expect growth rates to moderate from here, its revenue growth has been solid, over the last three years. On top of that, its impressive EBITDA margins show massive profitability of the business, and its user acquisition efficiency is best in class.
The market is certainly expecting long term growth from Meta given its EV/EBITDA ratio based on the next twelve months of 7.8x is higher than many other consumer internet companies. Looking at the consumer internet landscape today, Meta's qualities stand out and there's no doubt that it is a bit of a market darling. We'd argue that its often wise to hold on to quality businesses long term, but we do want to mention that there seems to be a lot optimism priced in at the moment.
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