Online new and used car marketplace Cars.com (NYSE:CARS) missed analysts' expectations in Q2 FY2023, with revenue up 3.26% year on year to $168.2 million. On the other hand, next quarter's outlook exceeded expectations with revenue guided to $173 million at the midpoint, or 0.84% above analysts' estimates. Cars.com made a GAAP profit of $94.1 million, improving from its profit of $5.55 million in the same quarter last year. However, this large increase in net income was due to a large, one-time tax benefit related to the release of a significant portion of the Company's valuation allowance, given the expectation of projected future income and utilization of the Company's tax assets.
Cars.com (CARS) Q2 FY2023 Highlights:
- Revenue: $168.2 million vs analyst estimates of $169.1 million (0.53% miss)
- EPS: $1.37 vs analyst estimates of $0.10 (large beat but less meaningful given one-time tax benefit cited above)
- Revenue Guidance for Q3 2023 is $173 million at the midpoint, above analyst estimates of $171.6 million
- Free Cash Flow of $22.8 million, similar to the previous quarter
- Gross Margin (GAAP): 81.9%, up from 67.7% in the same quarter last year
- Dealer Customers: 18.8 thousand, down 732 year on year
Originally started as a joint venture between several media companies including The Washington Post and The New York Times, Cars.com (NYSE:CARS) is a digital marketplace that connects new and used car buyers and sellers.
The company's primary product is its website, which allows users to search for new and used cars, research vehicles, and connect with dealerships. Cars.com provides a centralized platform that helps customers make more informed decisions amd simplifies the car buying process.
First, customers can search for cars based on preferences, such as model, price range, and location. This eliminates the need to visit multiple dealerships. Second, the platform provides information about each car, including photos and specifications. This allows consumers to make more informed decisions. Third, the platform provides tools that allow buyers to connect with local dealerships to ask follow-up questions and schedule test drives. This allows buyers to find the right dealership and car. Finally, the platform offers resources such as financing and insurance options. This closes the loop on an actual transaction.
While the platform aims to optimize the buyer experience, Cars.com generates revenue primarily from car dealers who pay for marketplace subscription advertising products. Specifically, dealers pay to have their inventory listed and featured on the Cars.com platform. Other revenue generators include dealer website hosting and reputation management products.
Marketplaces have existed for centuries. Where once it was a main street in a small town or a mall in the suburbs, sellers benefitted from proximity to one another because they could draw customers by offering convenience and selection. Today, a myriad of online marketplaces fulfill that same role, aggregating large customer bases, which attracts commission paying sellers, generating flywheel scale effects which feed back into further customer acquisition.Competitors in the online auto market include Carvana (NYSE:CVNA), CarGurus (NASDAQ:CARG), and Vroom (NASDAQ:VRM).
Cars.com's revenue growth over the last three years has been unimpressive, averaging 7.63% annually. This quarter, Cars.com reported rather lacklustre 3.26% year-on-year revenue growth, missing analysts' expectations.
Guidance for the next quarter indicates Cars.com is expecting revenue to grow 5.11% year on year to $173 million, in line with the 5.14% year-on-year increase it recorded in the same quarter last year. Ahead of the earnings results, analysts covering the company were projecting sales to grow 4.28% over the next 12 months.
As an online marketplace, Cars.com generates revenue growth by increasing both the number of buyers on its platform and the average order size in dollars.
Over the last two years, Cars.com's active buyers, a key performance metric for the company, grew 0.94% annually to 18.8 thousand. This is one of the lowest rates of growth in the consumer internet sector.
Unfortunately, Cars.com's active buyers decreased by 732 in Q2, a 3.75% drop since last year.
Revenue Per Buyer
Average revenue per buyer (ARPB) is a critical metric to track for consumer internet businesses like Cars.com because it measures how much the company earns in transaction fees from each buyer. Furthermore, ARPB gives us unique insights as it's a function of a user's average order size and Cars.com's take rate, or "cut", on each order.
Cars.com's ARPB growth has been mediocre over the last two years, averaging 3.5%. However, the company's ability to continue increasing prices while growing its active buyers shows that buyers still find value in its platform. This quarter, ARPB grew 7.28% year on year to $8.95 thousand per buyer.
A company's gross profit margin has a major impact on its ability to extert pricing power, develop new products, and invest in marketing. These factors may ultimately determine the winner in a competitive market, making it a critical metric to track for the long-term investor. Cars.com's gross profit margin, which tells us how much money the company gets to keep after covering the base cost of its products and services, came in at 81.9% this quarter, up 14.2 percentage points year on year.
For online marketplaces like Cars.com, these aforementioned costs typically include payment processing, hosting, and bandwidth fees in addition to the costs necessary to onboard buyers and sellers, such as identity verification. After paying for these expenses, Cars.com had $0.82 for every $1 in revenue to invest in marketing, talent, and the development of new products and services.
Over the past year, Cars.com has seen its already strong gross margins rise, averaging 72%. These robust unit economics, driven by the company's lucrative business model and strong pricing power, are higher than its peers and allow Cars.com to make more investments in product and marketing.
User Acquisition Efficiency
Consumer internet businesses like Cars.com grow from a combination of product virality, paid advertisement, and incentives (unlike enterprise software products, which are often sold by dedicated sales teams).
It's relatively expensive for Cars.com to acquire new users as the company has spent 47.3% of its gross profit on sales and marketing expenses over the last year. This level of efficiency indicates that Cars.com has to compete for its users and continue investing to maintain its growth trajectory.
Profitability & Free Cash Flow
Investors frequently analyze operating income to understand a business's core profitability. Similar to operating income, adjusted EBITDA is the most common profitability metric for consumer internet companies because it removes various one-time or non-cash expenses, offering a more normalized view of a company's profit potential.
Cars.com's EBITDA was $45.6 million this quarter, translating into a 27.1% margin. Additionally, Cars.com has demonstrated extremely high profitability over the last four quarters, with average EBITDA margins of 28%.
If you've followed StockStory for a while, you know that we emphasize free cash flow. Why, you ask? We believe that in the end, cash is king, and you can't use accounting profits to pay the bills. Cars.com's free cash flow came in at $22.8 million in Q2, up 210% year on year.
Cars.com has generated $88.8 million in free cash flow over the last 12 months, an impressive 17.8% of revenue. This high FCF margin stems from its asset-lite business model and strong competitive positioning, giving it the option to return capital to shareholders or reinvest in its business while maintaining a cash cushion.
Key Takeaways from Cars.com's Q2 Results
With a market capitalization of $1.5 billion, Cars.com is among smaller companies, but its $28.6 million cash balance and positive free cash flow over the last 12 months give us confidence that it has the resources needed to pursue a high-growth business strategy.
Cars.com beat analysts' revenue guidance expectations slightly but adjusted EBITDA missed slightly. Revenue growth was weak and there was a churn in its user base. Additionally, while next quarter's revenue guidance was above Wall Street analysts' expectations, adjusted EBITDA guidance was below. Overall, this was a mediocre quarter for Cars.com. The company is down 1.87% on the results and currently trades at $22 per share.
Is Now The Time?
Cars.com may have had a bad quarter, but investors should also consider its valuation and business qualities when assessing the investment opportunity. Although Cars.com isn't a bad business, it probably wouldn't be one of our picks. Its revenue growth has been mediocre. And while its strong free cash flow generation allows it to invest in growth initiatives while maintaining an ample cash cushion, the downside is that its growth in active buyers has been lackluster and its ARPU is growing slowly.
At the moment Cars.com trades at 7.7x next 12 months EV/EBITDA. In the end, beauty is in the eye of the beholder. While Cars.com wouldn't be our first pick, if you like the business, the shares are trading at a pretty interesting price point right now.
To get the best start with StockStory check out our most recent Stock picks, and then sign up to our earnings alerts by adding companies to your watchlist here. We typically have the quarterly earnings results analyzed within seconds of the data being released, and especially for the companies reporting pre-market, this often gives investors the chance to react to the results before the market has fully absorbed the information.