Analog chip manufacturer Texas Instruments (NASDAQ:TXN) beat analyst expectations in Q1 FY2022 quarter, with revenue up 14.3% year on year to $4.9 billion. However, guidance for the next quarter was less impressive, coming in at $4.5 billion at the midpoint, being 9.2% below analyst estimates. Texas Instruments made a GAAP profit of $2.2 billion, improving on its profit of $1.75 billion, in the same quarter last year.
Texas Instruments (TXN) Q1 FY2022 Highlights:
- Revenue: $4.9 billion vs analyst estimates of $4.73 billion (3.65% beat)
- EPS (GAAP): $2.35
- Revenue guidance for Q2 2022 is $4.5 billion at the midpoint, below analyst estimates of $4.95 billion
- Free cash flow of $1.7 billion, up 58.2% from previous quarter
- Inventory Days Outstanding: 128, up from 117 previous quarter
- Gross Margin (GAAP): 70.1%, up from 65.2% same quarter last year
Headquartered in Dallas, Texas since the 1950s, Texas Instruments (NASDAQ: TXN) is the world’s largest producer of analog semiconductors.
One of the oldest US-based technology companies, Texas Instruments created the first commercial silicon transistor and the transistor radio in 1954, the first handheld calculator in 1967, and the first microcontroller in 1970. Texas Instruments has long been the largest manufacturer and seller of analog chips, and serves one of the widest customer bases of
Its breadth of products is matched by its breadth of manufacturing, it runs 14 manufacturing sites around the world, from Germany to China to Japan and throughout Southeast Asia.
While personal electronics and industrial (manufacturing) end markets have long been TXN’s largest end markets, it also serves customers in automotive, communications, and enterprise computing.Texas Instruments’ peers and competitors include Analog Devices (NASDAQ:ADI), Skyworks (NASDAQ:SWKS), Infineon (XTRA:IFX), NXP Semiconductors NV (NASDAQ:NXPI), ON Semi (NASDAQ:ON), and Microchip (NASDAQ:MCHP).
Longer manufacturing duration allows analog chip makers to generate greater efficiencies, leading to structurally higher gross margins than their fabless digital peers. The downside of vertical integration is that cyclicality can be more pronounced for analog chipmakers, as capacity utilization upsides work in reverse during down periods.
Texas Instruments's revenue growth over the last three years has been unremarkable, averaging 8.21% annually. But as you can see below, last year has been stronger for the company, growing from quarterly revenue of $4.28 billion to $4.9 billion. Semiconductors are a cyclical industry and long-term investors should be prepared for periods of high growth, followed by periods of revenue contractions (which can sometimes offer opportune times to buy).
While Texas Instruments beat analysts' revenue estimates, this was a very slow quarter with just 14.3% revenue growth. This was the third straight quarter of decelerating growth for Texas Instruments, potentially indicating a coming cycle downturn.
Texas Instruments's revenue growth has slowed for the last three quarters and the company expects growth to turn negative next quarter guiding to a 1.75% year on year decline, but analyst still think it will recover next year, as consensus NTM revenues are forecast to grow 6.6%.
Product Demand & Outstanding Inventory
Days Inventory Outstanding (DIO) are an important metric for chipmakers, as it reflects the capital intensity of the business and the cyclical nature of semiconductor supply and demand. In a tight supply environment, inventories tend to be stable, allowing chipmakers to exert pricing power. Steadily increasing DIO can be a warning sign that demand is weak, and if inventories continue to rise the company may have to downsize production.
This quarter, Texas Instruments’s inventory days came in at 128, 6 days below the five year average, showing that despite the recent increase there is no indication of an excessive inventory buildup at the moment.
Texas Instruments's gross profit margin, how much the company gets to keep after paying the costs of manufacturing its products, came in at 70.1% in Q1, up 5 percentage points year on year.
Gross margins have been trending up over the last year, averaging 68.6%. Texas Instruments's gross margins remain one of the highest in the semiconductor sector, driven strong pricing power from its differentiated chips.
Texas Instruments reported an operating margin of 57.8% in Q1, up 7.3 percentage points year on year. Operating margins are one of the best measures of profitability, telling us how much the company gets to keep after paying the costs of manufacturing the product, selling and marketing it and most importantly, keeping products relevant through research and development spending.
Operating margins have been trending up over the last year, averaging 56.2%. Texas Instruments's margins remain one of the highest in the semiconductor industry, driven by its highly efficient operating model's economies of scale.
Earnings, Cash & Competitive Moat
Analysts covering the company are expecting earnings per share to grow 15.7% over the next twelve months, although estimates are likely to change post earnings.
Earnings are important, but we believe cash is king as you cannot pay bills with accounting profits. Texas Instruments's free cash flow came in at $1.7 billion in Q1, up 10.3% year on year.
Texas Instruments has generated $6.45 billion in free cash flow over the last twelve months, translating to 34% of revenues. This is a great result; Texas Instruments's free cash flow conversion was very high compared to most semiconductor companies, in the last year. This high cash conversion, if maintained, puts it in a great position to invest in new products, while also remaining resilient during industry down cycles.
Texas Instruments’s average return on invested capital (ROIC) over the last 5 years of 57.9% implies it has a strong competitive position and is able to invest in profitable growth over the long term.
Key Takeaways from Texas Instruments's Q1 Results
Sporting a market capitalization of $160 billion, more than $9.82 billion in cash and with positive free cash flow over the last twelve months, we're confident that Texas Instruments has the resources it needs to pursue a high growth business strategy.
We enjoyed seeing Texas Instruments’s improve their gross margin materially this quarter. And we were also glad to see the improvement in operating margin. On the other hand, it was unfortunate to see that the revenue guidance for the next quarter missed analysts' expectations and inventory levels increased. Overall, this quarter's results could have been better. The company is down 7.51% on the results and currently trades at $155.8 per share.
Is Now The Time?
When considering Texas Instruments, investors should take into account its valuation and business qualities, as well as what happened in the latest quarter. We think Texas Instruments is a solid business. However, its revenue growth has been very weak, and analysts expect growth rates to deteriorate from there. But on a positive note, its powerful free cash generation enables it to sustainably invest in growth initiatives while maintaining an ample cash cushion, and its impressive operating margins are indicative of an highly efficient business model.
Texas Instruments's price to earnings ratio based on the next twelve months is 18.0x. There are definitely things to like about Texas Instruments and looking at the semiconductors landscape right now, it seems that it doesn't trade at an unreasonable price point.
The Wall St analysts covering the company had a one year price target of $197 per share right before these results, implying that they saw upside in buying Texas Instruments even in the short term.
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